Top 5 reproductive treatments
Thousands of babies are born in Australia each year with a little help from science
Thanks to the miraculous developments in reproductive technology, thousands of babies are born in Australia each year with a little help from science.
1. Fertility drugs
For women who rarely or never ovulate, one option to help boost their chances of falling pregnant is fertility drugs. The two main types used are tablets of clomiphene citrate, branded Clomid or Serophene, or injections of follicle-stimulating hormones (FSH), branded Gonal-F or Puregon.
With the clomiphene tablets, doses range from half a tablet to three tablets a day, depending on the severity of the ovulation issue and the woman's body size. The can be used in conjunction with IVF programs or on their own.
For follicle-stimulating hormones (FSH), it is administered by injection via a pen-like device just under the skin.
For men who have hormonal irregularities, medication is available that can assist with producing hormones for sperm production and erectile dysfunction.
2. Assisted conception
Assisted insemination or intrauterine insemination (IUI) still remains a good option for some couples. It’s a quick and simple procedure, much like having a Pap smear.
The sperm are inserted into the cervix or uterus with a soft, thin plastic tube around the time of ovulation. To ensure the timing is spot on, the woman’s cycle will be closely monitored with blood tests and ultrasounds beforehand.
3. In vitro fertilisation
This is a reproductive procedure where a woman’s eggs are removed from her body, fertilised with sperm in a laboratory and then surgically implanted back into her uterus. Approximately 41,000 cycles of IVF are performed in Australia each year, resulting in about 10,000 babies or one in every 33 children born in Australia as technology is advancing rapidly.
4. Intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI)
This procedure involves injecting the sperm directly into the egg by piercing the outer covering of the egg. It is particularly helpful for men with a low sperm count or where few good quality sperm are produced, and where there’s a problem with anti-sperm antibodies in the semen.
5. Donor eggs and embryo transplants
Some women may not be able to produce healthy eggs due to ovarian failure or age-related infertility. For these women, egg (oocyte) and embryo donation have been successful. An embryo transplant involves the artificial insemination of a donor’s egg with the male partner’s sperm.
After fertilisation has occurred, the embryo is transferred to the female partner’s uterus. To be successful, it is imperative that fertility drugs be used to synchronise both women’s menstrual cycles. The first baby conceived with a donor egg was born in Australia in 1983.
First published in Mother and Babymagazine. Subscribe here
12:0AM, Mar 2nd 2012
Healthy ways to enjoy Easter WITHOUT all the chocolate!
A beautiful activity for your kids to enjoy as they anticipate a visit from the Easter Bunny.
Fun and practical presents to give this Easter time.
mother and baby Aussie ironwoman and new mum @candyfalzon with her gorgeous baby, Ivy Mae are on the cover of our April M&B issue. Click the link on our profile to read how Candice coped through a touch-and-go pregnancy and how she juggles motherhood while keeping up with fiancé's @davidwarner31 busy cricketing schedule 💕More from the team
mother and baby We have 4x family passes to the @sydney_royal_easter_show to giveaway. To enter share this post and tag @motherbaby_au with the hashtag #eastershow2015 and tell us what you'd love to show your kids at the Easter Show this year. Make sure your profile is public so we can see your entry 👍🐣💕🐰 Entries close Sunday 29th March, 2015 at 11.59pm AEST. Each prize is a family pass for 2x adults and 2x children to gain entry to the Sydney Royal Easter Show.More from the team
mother and baby Looking for Easter gifts for your kids - without the chocolate? Kelly @beafunmum has shared her top ideas for Easter pressies including this adorable baby bunny onesie from @peteralexanderofficial 💕🐰👏 Click the link in our profile and search "Easter Gifts" for more sugar-free Easter ideas 🐣👍More from the team