Top 5 reproductive treatments

12:0AM, Mar 2nd 2012

Thousands of babies are born in Australia each year with a little help from science

Image: Thinkstock

Thanks to the miraculous developments in reproductive technology, thousands of babies are born in Australia each year with a little help from science.

1. Fertility drugs


For women who rarely or never ovulate, one option to help boost their chances of falling pregnant is fertility drugs. The two main types used are tablets of clomiphene citrate, branded Clomid or Serophene, or injections of follicle-stimulating hormones (FSH), branded Gonal-F or Puregon.

With the clomiphene tablets, doses range from half a tablet to three tablets a day, depending on the severity of the ovulation issue and the woman's body size. The can be used in conjunction with IVF programs or on their own.

For follicle-stimulating hormones (FSH), it is administered by injection via a pen-like device just under the skin.

For men who have hormonal irregularities, medication is available that can assist with producing hormones for sperm production and erectile dysfunction.

2. Assisted conception


Assisted insemination or intrauterine insemination (IUI) still remains a good option for some couples. It’s a quick and simple procedure, much like having a Pap smear.

The sperm are inserted into the cervix or uterus with a soft, thin plastic tube around the time of ovulation. To ensure the timing is spot on, the woman’s cycle will be closely monitored with blood tests and ultrasounds beforehand.

3. In vitro fertilisation


This is a reproductive procedure where a woman’s eggs are removed from her body, fertilised with sperm in a laboratory and then surgically implanted back into her uterus. Approximately 41,000 cycles of IVF are performed in Australia each year, resulting in about 10,000 babies — or one in every 33 children born in Australia as technology is advancing rapidly.

4. Intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI)


This procedure involves injecting the sperm directly into the egg by piercing the outer covering of the egg. It is particularly helpful for men with a low sperm count or where few good quality sperm are produced, and where there’s a problem with anti-sperm antibodies in the semen.

5. Donor eggs and embryo transplants


Some women may not be able to produce healthy eggs due to ovarian failure or age-related infertility. For these women, egg (oocyte) and embryo donation have been successful. An embryo transplant involves the artificial insemination of a donor’s egg with the male partner’s sperm.

After fertilisation has occurred, the embryo is transferred to the female partner’s uterus. To be successful, it is imperative that fertility drugs be used to synchronise both women’s menstrual cycles. The first baby conceived with a donor egg was born in Australia in 1983.

First published in Mother and Babymagazine. Subscribe here

comments powered by Disqus

Related articles

 
 
instagram
  • Let's turn that frown upside-down, baby Mack! This little dude is our Babe of the Day @katymcmillan. 
Share your babe's #everydaymoments and tag @motherbaby_au for your chance to have them featured as our #MBbabeoftheday

    mother and baby Let's turn that frown upside-down, baby Mack! This little dude is our Babe of the Day @katymcmillan. Share your babe's #everydaymoments and tag @motherbaby_au for your chance to have them featured as our #MBbabeoftheday

    More from the team
  • Gingerbread House Cookies! Get your bake on this weekend and make these delicious festive treats with your kids! Visit motherandbaby.com.au and search "gingerbread houses" to find the recipe #mandbxmas

    mother and baby Gingerbread House Cookies! Get your bake on this weekend and make these delicious festive treats with your kids! Visit motherandbaby.com.au and search "gingerbread houses" to find the recipe #mandbxmas

    More from the team
  • Need some help to find a dress to get you through Christmas and New Years? @mamastylista shares some awesome tips for mum-friendly party dresses. Visit motherandbaby.com.au and search "mama stylista" to have a look!

    mother and baby Need some help to find a dress to get you through Christmas and New Years? @mamastylista shares some awesome tips for mum-friendly party dresses. Visit motherandbaby.com.au and search "mama stylista" to have a look!

    More from the team
  • This gorgeous boy is our Babe of the Day! Congrats @angieduclos #everydaymoments #MBbabeoftheday

    mother and baby This gorgeous boy is our Babe of the Day! Congrats @angieduclos #everydaymoments #MBbabeoftheday

    More from the team
  • So. Much. Love!
  • Looking to get your craft on this Chrissie? We've got 6 easy DIY projects to help decorate your house this Christmas. Visit motherandbaby.com.au and search "DIY Christmas" #MandBXMAS #christmas

    mother and baby Looking to get your craft on this Chrissie? We've got 6 easy DIY projects to help decorate your house this Christmas. Visit motherandbaby.com.au and search "DIY Christmas" #MandBXMAS #christmas

    More from the team
  • Radio presenter, @jackieo_official has created this Frozen ice castle masterpiece for her daughter, Kitty's birthday cake. To get the recipe visit motherandbaby.com.au and search "frozen cake".

    mother and baby Radio presenter, @jackieo_official has created this Frozen ice castle masterpiece for her daughter, Kitty's birthday cake. To get the recipe visit motherandbaby.com.au and search "frozen cake".

    More from the team
  • Look at this happy chappy! He just heard that he is our "Babe of the Day"! Congrats lil dude, you make us smile on a tense day @mrs_z_xoxo

Do you think your cherub has what it takes to be the next Babe of the Day? Show us your #everydaymoments and tag us @motherbaby_au

    mother and baby Look at this happy chappy! He just heard that he is our "Babe of the Day"! Congrats lil dude, you make us smile on a tense day @mrs_z_xoxo Do you think your cherub has what it takes to be the next Babe of the Day? Show us your #everydaymoments and tag us @motherbaby_au

    More from the team
  • Still looking for gift ideas for your hubby? Motherandbaby.com.au has 20 great ideas for men this Christmas. Search "Christmas Dads" to see the full list #MandBXMAS

    mother and baby Still looking for gift ideas for your hubby? Motherandbaby.com.au has 20 great ideas for men this Christmas. Search "Christmas Dads" to see the full list #MandBXMAS

    More from the team
  • Do you agree? Our babies are so very precious #motherandbaby

    mother and baby Do you agree? Our babies are so very precious #motherandbaby

    More from the team